Metabolites-BOC Sciences

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BOC Sciences provides researchers in the fields of food safety, life sciences and medicine with a diversity of metabolites fermented and separated from plants, microorganisms, fungi and other organisms. If you are trying to purchase metabolites that are not yet included in the current product catalog or obtain a great many metabolites, please contact us.

Organisms absorb diverse nutrients from the outside world, and produce materials and energy required for life activities through catabolism and anabolism. This process is called primary metabolism. The products of this process are called primary metabolites. Primary metabolites are substances that are vital to the trophic growth of organisms.

Classification of Primary Metabolites

  • monomer
  • Monomers constitute various macromolecular polymers, such as proteins, polysaccharides, nucleic acids, lipids and so on.

  • polymer
  • Various macromolecular polymers composed of monomers, such as proteins, polysaccharides, nucleic acids, lipids and so on.

Secondary metabolism refers to the process in which an organism uses primary metabolites as precursors during a certain developmental period to synthesize substances that have no clear function for the life activities of the organism itself. Secondary metabolism is closely related to primary metabolism. The products of this process are called secondary metabolites. Most of the secondary metabolite molecules have complex structures, such as antibiotics, pigments, hormones, toxins, vitamins, alkaloids, and so on. Secondary metabolites are not essential for the survival and reproduction of organisms.

Classification of Secondary Metabolites

Secondary metabolites could be divided into the following categories

  • Phenylpropanes
  • Quinones
  • Flavonoids
  • Tannin
  • Terpenoids
  • Steroids and their glycosides
  • Alkaloids

In addition, according to biological pathways, secondary metabolites could also be divided into:

  • Phenolic compounds
  • Terpenoids
  • Nitrogen compounds

The basis of secondary metabolites is primary metabolites. The secondary metabolism can avoid the toxic effects on the body caused by the excessive accumulation of certain intermediates or products during the primary metabolism.

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