Catalog Product Name / CAS / Description Structure

Coronatine (62251-96-1)


It is produced by the strain of Pseudomonas coronafaciens, P. glycinea. It is a metabolite that is toxic to plants.


Validamycin A (37248-47-8)


The major analogue of a family of cyclitol disaccharides isolated from streptomyces hygroscopicus var. Limoneus. It is a potent antifungal agent used to control fungi in crop production and acts as a potent inhibitor of trehalase, an important enzyme in carbohydrate storage and ultilisation in fungi.


Spinetoram J (187166-40-1)


It is the major component in the second generation spinosyn family of bio-insecticides marketed as spinetoram. It is a semi-synthetic compound prepared by selective ethylation and hydrogenation of spinosyn J, and it is also an insecticide.


Spinosad (168316-95-8)


Spinosad is a broad-spectrum and naturally-occurring insecticide found in the the soil bacterium S. spinosa. Spinosad is a mixture of the macrocyclic lactones spinosyn A and spinosyn D , which act as agonists of insect nicotinic acetylcholinesterase receptors (nAChRs).


Dicamba (1918-00-9)


Dicamba is a broad-spectrum herbicide used to control grain crops and turf areas.


Imazapyr (81334-34-1)


Imazapyr is a broad-spectrum herbicide used in weed control.


Glufosinate Ammonium is a broad-spectrum herbicide.


Mancozeb (8018-01-7)


Mancozeb is a fungicide used to protect crops in agriculture.


2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid is an auxin found in Guanomyces polythrix and Phoma herbarum, which is used as an herbicide used to control broadleaf weeds.


Abamectin (71751-41-2)


Avermectin B1 (Abamectin) is a widely used insecticide and anthelmintic. It is a mixture of avermectins containing more than 80% avermectin B1a and less than 20% avermectin B1b, which have very similar biological and toxicological properties. Avermectin B1 is a natural fermentation product of this bacterium.

As a leading supplier of active metabolites, BOC Sciences can offer a range of agricultural compounds. In addition, through a variety of methods including natural extraction, semi-synthesis, synthesis or fermentation, we are able to customize your desired products.

Fermented Agricultural Compounds


In the ever-evolving world of agriculture, the quest for sustainable, efficient, and eco-friendly solutions remains a top priority. One promising avenue that has garnered significant attention in recent years is the use of fermented bioactive metabolites as agricultural compounds. Fermentation, a metabolic process carried out by microorganisms such as bacteria, yeast, and fungi, has now found its way into agriculture, where it plays a pivotal role in the production of bioactive metabolites that benefit both crops and the environment.

Classification of Fermented Agricultural Compounds

Biofertilizers are microbial-based products that enhance soil fertility and improve plant nutrient uptake. They work symbiotically with plants, promoting healthier growth and increased yields. Two common types of biofertilizers produced through fermentation are nitrogen-fixing bacteria and phosphorous-solubilizing bacteria.

  • Biopesticides

Biopesticides are eco-friendly alternatives to chemical pesticides, often produced through the fermentation of beneficial microorganisms or the extraction of metabolites with pesticidal properties. These compounds help control pests and diseases while minimizing harm to non-target organisms and the environment.

  • Biostimulants

Biostimulants are compounds that enhance plant growth, stress tolerance, and overall vitality. They can be produced through fermentation and are applied to plants to improve their performance, particularly under adverse conditions.

These are bioactive compounds, often produced through fermentation, that target and control insect pests while minimizing harm to non-target organisms and the environment.

  • Natural Herbicides

Some fermented compounds can have herbicidal properties, and these are used to control weed growth in agriculture.

Fermented compounds, such as auxins and cytokinins, influence plant growth, development, and fruiting.

Examples of Fermented Agricultural Compounds

Agricultural compounds are naturally-derived, synthesized through chemical processes or produced through microbial fermentation using biotechnological methods. The following are some examples of agricultural compounds whose production involves a fermentation process:

  • Coronatine: Coronatine is produced by specific strains of Pseudomonas bacteria through fermentation.
  • Validamycin A: Validamycin A is synthesized from the soil bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus var. Limoneus through a semi-synthetic process.
  • Spinetoram J: Spinetoram J is semi-synthetic, prepared through selective ethylation and hydrogenation of spinosyn J, which is derived from the fermentation of Saccharopolyspora spinosa.
  • Spinosad: Spinosad is naturally-derived from the soil bacterium S. spinosa and consists of two macrocyclic lactones, spinosyn A and spinosyn D.

Applications of Fermented Agricultural Compounds

  • Sustainable Agriculture

Fermented biofertilizers reduce the reliance on synthetic fertilizers, mitigating their adverse environmental impacts.

  • Pest and Disease Management

Biopesticides derived from fermentation are highly effective in controlling pests and diseases, without causing harm to beneficial insects or contaminating the environment. They offer a safer and more targeted approach to crop protection.

  • Crop Yield Enhancement

Biostimulants play a crucial role in increasing crop yields by improving nutrient absorption, root development, and stress tolerance in plants.

  • Soil Remediation

Certain fermented compounds can help remediate contaminated soils by breaking down pollutants and improving soil structure. This is a promising avenue for sustainable land management and ecological restoration.

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